Asymmetric scalp distribution of pattern visual evoked potentials during interictal phases in migraine
The N70 and P100 components of transient pattern visual evoked potentials (P-VEPs) were measured in migraine patients, with and without aura, and in normal subjects in order to evaluate their latency, amplitude and occipital scalp distribution. The aim was to find any typical electrophysiological abnormalities in migraine. P-VEP N70 and P100 were analyzed in 59 patients without any known visual field defect. Mean latency and amplitude values were within normal ranges for either N70 and P100 all over the occipital scalp; the only significant abnormality we found was related to the absolute right–left amplitude ratio either for N70 and P100 waves, providing an asymmetry in P-VEP scalp distribution; this finding was detected in 78.9% of patients with aura and 72.5% without aura. Our results show that in migraine patients, both P-VEP waves N70 and P100, have an asymmetric topographic distribution, even during interictal phases, that can be explained by a cortical disturbance in agreement with the neural hypothesis of headache.