Molecular cloning and characterization of full-length cDNAs encoding a novel high-molecular-weight Dermatophagoides pteronyssinus mite allergen, Der p 11
Dermatophagoides pteronyssinus (Dp) and D. farinae (Df) mites are the most important source of indoor aeroallergens. Most Dp mite allergens identified to date have relatively low molecular weights (MWs). Identification of high-MW mite allergens is a crucial step in characterizing the complete spectrum of mite allergens and to provide appropriate tools for diagnostic and therapeutic application. Methods:
The full-length Der p 11 cDNA clone was isolated using cDNA library immunoscreening, the 5′–3′ rapid amplification of cDNA ends (RACE) system and polymerase chain reactions (PCR). The whole cDNA insert and its PCR-derived DNA fragments (p1 to p4) were generated and expressed in the Escherichia coli expression system. The allergenicity of the recombinant protein and its peptide fragments was examined by IgE immunodot assays. The IgE-binding reactivity of rDer p 11 was analyzed in the serum of 50 asthmatic children with positive reactivity to Dp mite extract. Its recombinant peptide fragments were also examined by immunodot assays in 30 mite-allergic children. Results:
Der p 11 cDNA consists of a 2625-bp open reading frame encoding a 103-kDa protein with 875 amino acids. It exhibits significant homology with the paramyosin of other invertebrates. The protein sequence alignment of this newly identified Dp mite allergen (denominated as Der p 11) revealed over 89% identity with Der f 11 and Blo t 1. Among 50 Dp-sensitive asthmatic children, rDer p 11 showed positive IgE-binding reactivity to 39 patients (78%). Using immunodot assays, multiple human IgE-binding activities were demonstrated in all four fragments of Der p 11. Using immunoblot assays, the dominant IgG-binding epitope for monoclonal antibody (mAb642) was located in fragment p3 only. In immunoblot assays, cross-inhibition between rDer p 11 and rDer f 11 was up to 73–80% at concentrations of 100 g/ml. Conclusions:
This study confirms that the newly identified recombinant Der p 11 is a novel and important high-MW Dp mite allergen for asthmatic children. Our data also indicates that human IgE-binding major epitopes are scattered over the entire molecule of Der p 11.
Document Type: Research Article
Affiliations: 1: Department of Medical Research and Education, Taipei-Veterans General Hospital, Taipei, Taiwan 2: Department of Internal Medicine, Mackay Memorial Hospital, Taipei, Taiwan 3: Department of Pediatrics, Taipei-Veterns General Hospital, Taipei, Taiwan 4: Section of Allergy and Clinical Immunology, Cathy General Hospital, Taipei, Taiwan
Publication date: July 1, 2005