Antidepressant treatment is associated with a reduction in suicidal ideation and suicide attempts
Authors: Mulder, R. T.; Joyce, P. R.; Frampton, C. M. A.; Luty, S. E.
Source: Acta Psychiatrica Scandinavica, Volume 118, Number 2, August 2008 , pp. 116-122(7)
Abstract:Mulder RT, Joyce PR, Frampton CMA, Luty SE. Antidepressant treatment is associated with a reduction in suicidal ideation and suicide attempts. Objective:
To measure changes in suicidal behaviours during 6 months of treatment with antidepressants. Method:
A group of depressed patients (n = 195) were assessed for suicidal behaviours in the 6 months prior to treatment. They were prospectively assessed for suicidal behaviours during 6 months of treatment with antidepressants. Results:
Patients who made suicide attempts fell from 39 in the 6 months prior to treatment to 20 during treatment. Significant suicidal ideation reduced from 47% at baseline to 14% at 3 weeks remaining below this during the rest of the treatment. Twenty patients had emergent suicidal ideation; five of them had not experienced some level of suicidal behaviour in the 6 months prior to treatment. Conclusion:
Suicide behaviours are common in depressed out-patients. Antidepressant treatment is associated with a rapid and significant reduction in suicidal behaviours. The rate of emergent suicidal behaviour was low and the risk benefit ratio for antidepressants appears to favour their use.
Document Type: Research Article
Publication date: August 1, 2008