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Association of IQ scores and school achievement with suicide in a 40-year follow-up of a Swedish cohort

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Abstract:

Andersson L, Allebeck P, Gustafsson J-E, Gunnell D. Association of IQ scores and school achievement with suicide in a 40-year follow-up of a Swedish cohort. Objective: 

Few studies have investigated the association of childhood IQ and school achievement with suicide. The aim of this study was to investigate the association of childhood IQ with suicide in a cohort of Swedish women and men. Method: 

21 809 subjects born in 1948 and 1953 who completed IQ and school tests at age 13 years have been followed until 2003. Information on paternal education and in-patient care for psychosis was linked using the Swedish personal identification number. Results: 

There were 180 suicides amongst subjects with measured IQ. High IQ was associated with reduced suicide risk among men (OR per unit increase in age-adjusted model 0.90, 95% CI 0.83–0.99), while there was no statistical evidence of an association in women (OR 1.04, 95% CI 0.90–1.20). Among men with a history of psychosis, high IQ was associated with an increased risk of suicide. Conclusion: 

Low childhood IQ at age 13 years is associated with an increased risk of suicide in men but not in women; however, amongst those with psychosis, low IQ appears to be protective.

Keywords: adolescent psychiatry; cognitive abilities; suicide

Document Type: Research Article

DOI: https://doi.org/10.1111/j.1600-0447.2008.01171.x

Affiliations: 1: Department of Public Health Science, Karolinska Institute, Stockholm 2: Department of Education and Educational Research, Göteborg University, Göteborg 3: Department of Social Medicine, University of Bristol, Bristol, UK

Publication date: 2008-08-01

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