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Yoga therapy as an add-on treatment in the management of patients with schizophrenia – a randomized controlled trial

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Duraiswamy G, Thirthalli J, Nagendra HR, Gangadhar BN. Yoga therapy as an add-on treatment in the management of patients with schizophrenia – a randomized controlled trial. Objective: 

Treatment of schizophrenia has remained unsatisfactory despite the availability of antipsychotics. This study examined the efficacy of yoga therapy (YT) as an add-on treatment to the ongoing antipsychotic treatment. Method: 

Sixty-one moderately ill schizophrenia patients were randomly assigned to YT (n = 31) and physical exercise therapy (PT; n = 30) for 4 months. They were assessed at baseline and 4 months after the start of intervention, by a rater who was blind to their group status. Results: 

Forty-one subjects (YT = 21; PT = 20) were available at the end of 4 months for assessment. Subjects in the YT group had significantly less psychopathology than those in the PT group at the end of 4 months. They also had significantly greater social and occupational functioning and quality of life. Conclusion: 

Both non-pharmacological interventions contribute to reduction in symptoms, with YT having better efficacy.
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Keywords: physical exercise; schizophrenia; yoga

Document Type: Research Article

Affiliations: 1: Department of Psychiatry, National Institute of Mental Health and NeuroSciences (NIMHANS), Bangalore 560029, India 2: Swami Vivekananda Yoga Anusandhana Samsthana (Deemed University), Banaglore 560019, India

Publication date: 2007-09-01

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