Skip to main content

Stability of executive function deficits into young adult years: a prospective longitudinal follow-up study of grown up males with ADHD

Buy Article:

$43.00 plus tax (Refund Policy)

Biederman J, Petty CR, Fried R, Doyle AE, Spencer T, Seidman LJ, Gross L, Poetzl K, Faraone SV. Stability of executive function deficits into young adult years: a prospective longitudinal follow-up study of grown up males with ADHD. Objective: 

Although individuals with attention deficit-hyperactivity disorder (ADHD) commonly exhibit deficits in executive functions that greatly increase the morbidity of the disorder, all available information on the subject is cross sectional. Method: 

Males (n = 85) 9–22 years with ADHD followed over 7 years into young adulthood were assessed on measures of sustained attention/vigilance, planning and organization, response inhibition, set shifting and categorization, selective attention and visual scanning, verbal and visual learning, and memory. A binary definition of executive function deficits (EFDs) was defined based on a subject manifesting at least two abnormal tests 1.5 standard deviations from controls. Results: 

The majority of subjects maintained EFDs over time (kappa: 0.41, P < 0.001; sensitivity: 55%, specificity: 85%, positive predictive value: 69%, and negative predictive value: 75%). Conclusion: 

Considering the morbidity of EFDs, these findings stress the importance of their early recognition for prevention and early intervention strategies. EFDs are stable over time.
No References
No Citations
No Supplementary Data
No Article Media
No Metrics

Keywords: attention deficit-hyperactivity disorder; executive functions; neuropsychology; stability

Document Type: Research Article

Affiliations: 1: Pediatric Psychopharmacology Program, Massachusetts General Hospital, Boston, MA 2: Department of Psychiatry, SUNY Upstate Medical University, Syracuse, NY, USA

Publication date: 2007-08-01

  • Access Key
  • Free content
  • Partial Free content
  • New content
  • Open access content
  • Partial Open access content
  • Subscribed content
  • Partial Subscribed content
  • Free trial content
Cookie Policy
X
Cookie Policy
Ingenta Connect website makes use of cookies so as to keep track of data that you have filled in. I am Happy with this Find out more