Skip to main content

The criterion validity of the Geriatric Depression Scale: a systematic review

Buy Article:

$43.00 plus tax (Refund Policy)

Wancata J, Alexandrowicz R, Marquart B, Weiss M, Friedrich F. The criterion validity of the Geriatric Depression Scale: a systematic review. Objective: 

The objective was to provide a systematic review of the screening accuracy of both versions of the Geriatric Depressions Scale (GDS-30, GDS-15). Method: 

An electronic search was performed by using Medline, Embase, Cinahl, Psyndex and the Cochrane library. The selection and examination of papers were performed by two reviewers independently. Results: 

Among the 42 papers included, important methodological aspects such as sampling methods or blinding of research workers often were not reported. For both GDS versions, similar validity indices were found (GDS-30: sensitivity 0.753, specificity 0.770; GDS-15: sensitivity 0.805, specificity 0.750). Using comparative studies based on the identical samples, both GDS versions showed significantly better validity indices than the ‘Yale-1-question’ screen, but were similar to the ‘Center for Epidemiological Studies Depression scale’ (CES-D). Conclusion: 

The GDS does not show a better criterion validity than the CES-D, but methodological limitations of primary studies hamper the generalizability of pooled analyses.
No References
No Citations
No Supplementary Data
No Article Media
No Metrics

Keywords: Geriatric Depression Scale; aged; depression; mass screening; meta-analysis; sensitivity; specificity

Document Type: Research Article

Affiliations: 1: Department of Psychiatry, Medical University of Vienna, Vienna, Austria 2: Department for Applied Psychology and Methods Research, Institute of Psychology, University of Klagenfurt, Klagenfurt, Austria

Publication date: 2006-12-01

  • Access Key
  • Free content
  • Partial Free content
  • New content
  • Open access content
  • Partial Open access content
  • Subscribed content
  • Partial Subscribed content
  • Free trial content
Cookie Policy
Cookie Policy
Ingenta Connect website makes use of cookies so as to keep track of data that you have filled in. I am Happy with this Find out more