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Is paternal postpartum depression associated with maternal postpartum depression? Population-based study in Brazil

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Abstract:

Pinheiro RT, Magalhães PVS, Horta BL, Pinheiro KAT, da Silva RA, Pinto RH. Is paternal postpartum depression associated with maternal postpartum depression? Population-based study in Brazil.

Acta Psychiatr Scand 2005: 1–3. ©2005 Blackwell Munksgaard. Objective: 

To describe the prevalence of paternal postpartum depression (PPD) as well as its association with maternal PPD. Method: 

A population-based random sample of 386 couples was assessed from the sixth to the 12th week postpartum for demographic characteristics, alcohol misuse (AUDIT) and depressive symptoms [Beck Depression Inventory (BDI)]. Logistic regression was employed to control for potential confounders. Results: 

In the BDI, 26.3% of mothers and 11.9% of fathers scored above the selected threshold of 10. Mild maternal depression [odds ratio (OR) 3.31, 95% CI 1.52–7.20] and moderate to severe maternal depression (OR 8.44, 95% CI 3.53–20.21) were associated with paternal PPD. Conclusion: 

Paternal PPD is a clinically meaningful phenomenon. Fathers should be evaluated for mood disorders in the postpartum, especially when their partner is depressed.

Keywords: Brazil; depression; fathers; postpartum depression; prevalence

Document Type: Research Article

DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.1111/j.1600-0447.2005.00708.x

Affiliations: 1: Programa de Pós-graduação em Saúde e Comportamento Universidade Católica de Pelotas, Pelotas, Brazil 2: Programa de Pós-graduação em Epidemiologia Universidade Federal de Pelotas, Pelotas, Brazil

Publication date: March 1, 2006

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