Psychological aftermath of the Lviv air show disaster: a prospective controlled study

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Abstract:

Bromet EJ, Havenaar JM, Gluzman SF, Tintle NL. Psychological aftermath of the Lviv air show disaster: a prospective controlled study.

Acta Psychiatr Scand 2005: 1–7. © 2005 Blackwell Munksgaard. Objective: 

To investigate the psychological aftermath of an air show disaster using prospectively obtained epidemiologic data. Method: 

Participants in a recently completed epidemiologic mental health survey in Lviv (disaster site) and controls from western Ukraine were interviewed shortly before and 6 months after a gruesome air show disaster. Results: 

The Lviv group reported more psychopathology and post-traumatic stress symptom severity, but less anomie than controls. Somatization symptoms were similar in the two groups. Predisaster mental health and postdisaster threat were the strongest risk factors while demographic characteristics, emotional support, and repeated television viewing of the event were only weakly associated with postdisaster mental health. Conclusion: 

This is the first prospective study to find a significantly higher rate of disorder as well as post-traumatic stress disorder symptomatology after a disaster. The risk factor findings suggest avenues for targeting postdisaster interventions.

Keywords: anomie; disaster; post-traumatic stress; prospective; somatization

Document Type: Research Article

DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.1111/j.1600-0447.2005.00566.x

Affiliations: 1: Department of Psychiatry, State University of New York at Stony Brook, NY, USA 2: Department of Psychiatry, Vrije Universiteit Amsterdam, Amsterdam, the Netherlands 3: Ukrainian Psychiatric Association, Kyiv, Ukraine

Publication date: September 1, 2005

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