Properties of the temperament and character inventory in a Chinese sample

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Parker G, Cheah Y-C, Parker K. Properties of the temperament and character inventory in a Chinese sample.

Acta Psychiatr Scand 2003: 108: 367–373. © Blackwell Munksgaard 2003. Objective:

To determine the influence of language and culture on the temperament and character (TCI) measure in a Chinese sample. Method:

We translated the TCI into Mandarin and had a non-psychiatric sample of Malaysian Chinese subjects complete the TCI at baseline and at a 1-month retest, with subsets completing English or Mandarin versions alternatively or on both occasions. Analyses examine the TCI factor structure and any impact of language and culture on TCI scoring. Results:

We identified age, gender, occupation and language effects on TCI scale scores. Test–retest reliability was high and not compromised by language. Scale internal consistency was also high. Factor analyses of separate sets of TCI scales corresponded strongly to the structure identified in the TCI development studies. Conclusion:

The results indicate that TCI is likely to have applicability to Chinese subjects, and argue against properties being constrained by the English language or by western culture.

Keywords: Chinese; Mandarin; TCI; personality; temperament

Document Type: Research Article


Affiliations: 1: School of Psychiatry, University of New South Wales, and Mood Disorders Unit, Black Dog Institute, Prince of Wales Hospital, Randwick, Sydney, Australia 2: Consultant Psychiatrist, Kinta Psychiatric Service, Malaysia

Publication date: November 1, 2003

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