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Gender and depression: a study of severity and symptomatology of depressive disorders (ICD-10) in general practice

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Hildebrandt MG, Stage KB, Kragh-Soerensen P. Gender and depression: a study of severity and symptomatology of depressive disorders (ICD-10) in general practice.

Acta Psychiatr Scand 2003: 107: 197–202. © Blackwell Munksgaard 2003. Objective: 

Gender differences in severity and symptomatology of depression in a large and representative sample of depressive patients from general practice were examined. Method: 

During a 2-year study period, 31 Danish general practitioners consecutively assessed patients, aged >18, for depression. A total of 1033 patients (692 female, 341 male) fulfilled ICD-10 criteria for depressive disorders. Gender differences were examined with regard to severity and symptomatology of depression. Results: 

The severity of depression was similar for men and women with the following distribution: 22% mild, 56% moderate and 23% severe depressive episodes. The mean number of symptoms presented was 6.6 of 10 for both genders. There were no gender differences in prevalence of single depressive symptoms. Conclusion: 

No gender differences in the severity or symptomatology of depression were found in a highly representative sample of patients with depressive disorders.
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Keywords: depression; gender; general practice; symptoms

Document Type: Research Article

Affiliations: University of Southern Denmark, Odense, Denmark and Department of Psychiatry, Odense University Hospital, Odense, Denmark

Publication date: 01 March 2003

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