Effects of a coping‐orientated group therapy for schizophrenia and schizoaffective patients: a pilot study
Abstract:Objective:This controlled pilot study was designed, first, to examine the efficacy of two different group therapy formats for schizophrenia and schizoaffective patients: a patient‐centred, psychoeducative and coping‐orientated group therapy approach and a supportive therapy group. Secondly, it intended to establish preliminary hypotheses on the therapeutically relevant factors.
Method:In a sample of 31 patients suffering from schizophrenia or a schizoaffective disorder the effect sizes of the coping‐orientated therapy approach and a supportive group therapy on several outcome variables were examined and the predictive power of different effect variables on outcome was analysed.
Results:The effect sizes show improvements in the cognizance of the disorder and the related pharmacotherapy, the psychopathology and the social functioning for both therapy conditions. Moreover, outcome as measured after 1 year was best predicted by the patient's mastery of active, problem‐focused coping strategies.
Conclusion:The results corroborate the appropriateness of focusing on aspects of coping‐behaviour in psychological interventions.