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Course of schizoaffective psychosis: a retrospective study

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This study investigated the clinical course and outcome of 72 patients diagnosed as suffering from schizoaffective psychosis according to ICD‐9 criteria who also satisfied RDC criteria for schizoaffective disorder. The results show a clear relationship between patients’ overall functioning and premorbid personality: a better premorbid social adjustment indicates a better current state. Those who met DSM‐III criteria for schizophrenic or schizophreniform disorder had an earlier age of onset and a higher frequency of relapse, followed by schizoaffective and affective patients. Patients who presented interepisodic psychotic symptoms differed from those who did not in that they showed more recurrences, an earlier age of onset and a premorbid personality with poorer social adjustment. The age of onset of the disease was significantly earlier in patients who had hyperthymic episodes. Schizoaffective disorders therefore are a heterogeneous group as regards premorbid personality, DSM‐III diagnosis, and the presence or absence of interepisodic psychotic symptoms and hyperthymic episodes.

Document Type: Original Article


Affiliations: Department of Psychiatry and Medical Psychology, Complutense University, Hospital Universitario San Carlos, Madrid, Spain

Publication date: June 1, 1990

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