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Obstetric complications and neurological soft signs in male patients with schizophrenia

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Abstract:

Bersani G, Clemente R, Gherardelli S, Bersani FS, Manuali G. Obstetric complications and neurological soft signs in male patients with schizophrenia.

Objective: The study investigated the relationship between neurological soft signs (NSS) and obstetric complications (OCs) in patients with schizophrenia.

Methods: Sixty‐three male patients with schizophrenia were divided into two subgroups, based on the OCs presence or absence, which were compared in relation to NSS prevalence. After that, a Person's correlation test was performed to explore the correlation between NSS and OCs severity.

Results: The subgroup with OCs showed more NSS, but there were not significant correlations between NSS and OCs severity.

Conclusions: It seems that any OC, without distinction in typology and severity, could unspecifically impair the neurodevelopment and inducing NSS expression. Our findings confirm the hypothesis that neurodevelopment alterations, such as those probably induced by OCs, can contribute to a premorbid brain dysfunctional state expressed by NSS.

Document Type: Research Article

DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.1111/j.1601-5215.2011.00636.x

Affiliations: Department of Medical – Surgical Sciences and Biotechnologies, Sapienza University of Rome, Rome, Italy

Publication date: December 1, 2012

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