Lofexidine for opiate detoxification

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Abstract:

Bearn J. Lofexidine for opiate detoxification.

The evolving role for lofexidine in the treatment of opiate detoxification over the last decade is reviewed. Lofexidine is no better than methadone or clonidine in attenuating withdrawal symptom severity, although it has a more favourable side-effect profile than clonidine. In conjunction with opiate antagonists, lofexidine may facilitate accelerated withdrawal, although activity and low liability for misuse, lofexidine may be more widely acceptable to clinicians than methadone, particularly those working in out-patient, non-specialist and prison treatment settings. Further studies in these treatment settings will be particularly apposite since, apart from the studies highlighted, the evidence base for the clinical value of lofexidine is mainly to be derived from in-patient trials.

Keywords: detoxification; heroin; lofexidine; opiate; treatment

Document Type: Research Article

DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.1111/j.0924-2708.2004.00094.x

Affiliations: South London & Maudsley NHS Trust, National Addiction Center, Institute of Psychiatry, Windsor Walk, London, UK

Publication date: October 1, 2004

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