Background Multiple reports illustrate the deleterious effects of stress on physicians’ mental and physical health, as well as on patient care. This study evaluates the effects of a wellness program
on anesthesiology residents’ well‐being. Methods Sixty residents were randomly assigned to one of three groups: (1) wellness intervention group, (2) no‐treatment control
with release time, and (3) no‐treatment control with routine duties. Coping, stressors, social support, psychological symptoms, and alcohol and tobacco use were measured using a pre‐test–post‐test design. Results Residents in the wellness program reported significantly fewer stressors in their role as parent, increased social support at work, greater problem‐solving coping, and less anxiety as compared with one or both of the control groups.
Findings related to reducing avoidance coping and alcohol consumption also were suggestive of positive intervention effects. Conclusions An intervention to increase the use of active coping
and social support, to reduce reliance on avoidance coping, and to decrease work and family stressors had an overall pattern of beneficial effects on residents’ well‐being. The importance of offering such programs during residency training, ways to strengthen intervention effectiveness,
and areas for future research are discussed.