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Decompressive craniectomy guided by cerebral microdialysis and brain tissue oxygenation in a patient with meningitis

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Bacterial meningitis remains a life-threatening disease mainly due to intracranial hypertension. However, decompressive craniectomy (DC) and the use of cerebral microdialysis (MD) and brain tissue oxygen pressure measurement (pTiO2) are poorly described in this disease. We report a case of a 56-year-old woman admitted for severe bacterial meningitis complicating mastoiditis. Despite maximal medical treatment, intracranial pressure increased above 30 mmHg, with a decline in pTiO2 and MD results indicating cerebral ischaemia. A bilateral DC was performed. Neurological outcome was favourable, and on discharge, the patient was able to live independently. This is the first report of DC in meningitis guided by cerebral MD and pTiO2. Invasive multimodal neuromonitoring should be used in severe meningitis and DC could be considered in the case of refractory intracranial hypertension.
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Document Type: Research Article

Affiliations: Département d'anesthésie-réanimation, Toulon, France

Publication date: 2011-01-01

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