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Effect of cardiopulmonary bypass on pulmonary clearance of adrenomedullin in humans

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Abstract:

Background: 

Adrenomedullin is a potent vasodilatory peptide and its plasma concentration increases after cardiopulmonary bypass. We analyzed the contribution of the lung to the disposition of adrenomedullin before and after cardiopulmonary bypass in humans. Methods: 

Thirty-five patients undergoing cardiac surgery with cardiopulmonary bypass were studied. Bloods were sampled from the pulmonary artery and left atrium at the following times: prior to systemic heparinization, during pulmonary reperfusion and after cardiopulmonary bypass. Plasma concentrations of total and mature adrenomedullin were measured using an immunoradiometric assay kit specific for human adrenomedullin. Intermediate adrenomedullin was calculated as the difference between total adrenomedullin and mature adrenomedullin. Results: 

Before cardiopulmonary bypass, mature and intermediate adrenomedullin concentrations were reduced by the pulmonary circulation by approximately 30% and 20%, respectively. However, these effects were not observed during pulmonary reperfusion. Mature, but not intermediate, adrenomedullin was reduced after cardiopulmonary bypass. Furthermore, pulmonary clearance quantity of mature adrenomedullin was significantly enhanced after cardiopulmonary bypass. Conclusion: 

These results indicate that cardiopulmonary bypass temporally impairs the pulmonary clearance of mature and intermediate adrenomedullin, but clearance of mature, not intermediate adrenomedullin is enhanced after cardiopulmonary bypass.

Keywords: adrenomedullin; cardiopulmonary bypass; pulmonary clearance

Document Type: Research Article

DOI: https://doi.org/10.1111/j.0001-5172.2004.00448.x

Affiliations: 1: Department of Anesthesiology, National Cardiovascular Center, 2: Department of Anesthesiology, Osaka University Faculty of Medicine, and 3: Research Institute, National Cardiovascular Center, Suita, Osaka, Japan

Publication date: 2004-09-01

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