Estimation of myocardial performance in CABG patients

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Abstract:

Myocardial performance index (MPI) permits a relative easy estimation of global left ventricular (LV) systolic and diastolic function. It was shown that MPI inversely correlated strongly with the maximum derivative of LV pressure with respect to time (+dP/dtmax). The current study evaluated the change of MPI during and immediately after coronary artery bypass surgery (CABG) surgery and analyzed the relationship between MPI and hydraulic energy (exemplified by preload adjusted maximal power – PAMP) during that same period. The study was conducted in 45 patients undergoing CABG. After induction of anaesthesia, 10 min after revascularization and 2 h postoperatively, haemodynamics were assessed. Preload was characterized by LV end-diastolic area indexed for BSA (LVEDAI); afterload was estimated by arterial elastance (Ea) and indexed systemic vascular resistance (SVRI). Global myocardial performance was indicated in terms of MPI and contractility was achieved by PAMP. Myocardial performance index increased postoperatively (0.44 ± 0.13, 0.37 ± 0.17 and 0.50 ± 0.16, respectively; P < 0.001). Preload adjusted maximal power did not alter significantly (1.90 ± 1.24, 2.02 ± 1.34 and 2.12 ± 1.00 W cm−2*104, respectively). Left ventricular enddiastolic area indexed did not change. Arterial elastance augmented to 0.76  ±  0.39, 0.80 ± 0.40 and 1.01 ± 0.43 mmHg ml−1, respectively; P < 0.001. Systemic vascular resistance did not change. A relationship was found between 1-MPI/LVEDAI2 and PAMP (R2 = 0.50).

 This study shows that in the setting of CABG surgery, MPI appears to be a good measure of global LV function.

Keywords: Contractility; echocardiography; haemodynamics; performance

Document Type: Research Article

DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.1111/j.0001-5172.2004.00466.x

Affiliations: 1: Department of ICU, Cardiac Anaesthesia and Postoperative Cardiac Surgical ICU, Ghent University Hospital, Gent, Belgium, and 2: Department of Anaesthesia and Postoperative ICU, Kantonspital, Luzern, Switzerland

Publication date: September 1, 2004

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