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Changes in serum S100β protein and Mini-Mental State Examination after cold (28°C) and warm (34°C) cardiopulmonary bypass using different blood gas strategies (alpha-stat and pH-stat)

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The effect of cardiopulmonary bypass temperature and blood gas management on the brain is still controversial. This study was designed to compare the changes in S100β protein concentration and Mini-Mental State Examination in patients undergoing cold (28 °C) vs. warm (34 °C) cardiopulmonary bypass using different blood gas strategies (alpha-stat and pH-stat). Methods:

Sixty patients were randomly allocated to one of four equal groups (cold alpha-stat, cold pH-stat, warm alpha-stat, warm pH-stat). Serum S100β concentrations were measured before CPB, directly after CPB, at 4.5 h and at 24 h after CPB. Mini-Mental State Examination was performed one day before surgery and on day five after the operation. Antegrade warm blood cardioplegia (37 °C) was used in all patients. Results:

There was no significant difference in postoperative S100β protein levels between the four groups. Also, there was no interaction between bypass temperature and type of blood gas strategy on S100β levels after bypass (directly after bypass, 4.5 h and 24 h after bypass). Mini-Mental State Examination score was not affected by blood gas strategy but it was significantly lower in patients undergoing cold cardiopulmonary bypass surgery: median (range), 26 (12–29) vs. 27 (23–30) in warm patients, P = 0.014. There was no significant correlation between Mini-Mental State Examination score 5 days after CPB and S100β levels at any of the studied time-points after CPB. Conclusion:

These results support the use of warm CPB (34 °C) in patients undergoing coronary artery bypass surgery regardless of the type of blood gas strategy.
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Keywords: Cardiopulmonary bypass; Mini-Mental State Examination; S100 protein; alpha-stat; blood gas strategy; brain injury; cold; pH-stat; warm

Document Type: Research Article

Affiliations: 1: Department of Anesthesia and 2: Department of Cardiothoracic Surgery, University of Wales College of Medicine, Cardiff, UK

Publication date: 2002-01-01

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