Skip to main content

Total knee replacement: a comparison of ropivacaine and bupivacaine in combined femoral and sciatic block

Buy Article:

$51.00 plus tax (Refund Policy)

Abstract:

Background:

Femoral and sciatic nerve block may improve post-operative analgesia following total knee replacement. Objectives:

To compare the post-operative analgesia following primary total knee replacement provided by spinal anaesthesia alone or in combination with femoral and sciatic nerve block with bupivacaine or ropivacaine. Methods:

Seventy-five patients were randomised into one of three groups: spinal anaesthesia only; spinal anaesthesia and combined femoral and sciatic nerve block with 1 mg · kg−1 bupivacaine 7.5 mg · ml−1 to each nerve; spinal anaesthesia and combined femoral and sciatic nerve block with 1 mg · kg−1 ropivacaine 7.5 mg · ml−1 to each nerve. Results:

The mean (SD) time to first morphine request was significantly prolonged for both groups receiving combined femoral and sciatic block, 912 (489) min for the bupivacaine group and 781 (394) min for the ropivacaine group (P<0.001) compared with 413 (208) min for the group receiving spinal anaesthesia alone. Morphine consumption was significantly reduced in both groups receiving combined femoral and sciatic block. There were no systemic or neurological sequelae in any of the groups. Conclusions:

Femoral and sciatic blockade following intrathecal bupivacaine/diamorphine provided superior analgesia when compared with intrathecal bupivacaine/diamorphine alone. There were no significant clinical differences between the group receiving bupivacaine 7.5 mg · ml−1 and the group receiving ropivacaine 7.5 mg · ml−1.

Keywords: Anesthetic techniques, regional: femoral, sciatic; anesthetics, local: ropivacaine, bupivacaine; knee arthroplasty; pain: postoperative

Document Type: Research Article

DOI: https://doi.org/10.1034/j.1399-6576.2001.045004477.x

Affiliations: 1: Department of Anaesthetics and Intensive Care Medicine, Queens University of Belfast, 2: Department of Anaesthetics, Royal Victoria Hospital, Belfast, 3: Musgrave Park Hospital, Belfast, UK

Publication date: 2001-04-01

  • Access Key
  • Free content
  • Partial Free content
  • New content
  • Open access content
  • Partial Open access content
  • Subscribed content
  • Partial Subscribed content
  • Free trial content
Cookie Policy
X
Cookie Policy
Ingenta Connect website makes use of cookies so as to keep track of data that you have filled in. I am Happy with this Find out more