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Angiotensin II mesenteric and renal vasoregulation: Dissimilar modulatory effects with nitroprusside

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Abstract:

Background:

The role of systemic arterial pressure for the vascular effects of angiotensin II (Ang II) and the interactions between Ang II and perfusion pressure-dependent local vascular control mechanisms are not well understood. This study addresses these aspects of exogenous Ang II in the mesenteric and renal regional circulations. Methods:

Ang II was infused in incremental doses (0–200 μg/h) in anesthetized instrumented pigs (n=10). Renal and portal blood flows were measured by perivascular ultrasound. In the second part of the study, sodium nitroprusside (SNP) was infused at doses titrated to keep mean arterial pressure constant, in spite of concurrent Ang II administration. Results:

Powerful dose-dependent vasoconstrictions by Ang II were found in renal and mesenteric vascular beds (at highest Ang II doses vascular resistances increased by 109% and 88% respectively). Ang II-induced vasoconstriction was fully inhibited in the mesenteric, but not in the renal circulation, during conditions of constant mean arterial pressures achieved by SNP infusion. Conclusions:

Mesenteric, but not renal, vasoconstriction by Ang II was inhibited by pharmacological maintenance of perfusion pressure. This could reflect differences between these vascular beds as regards the importance of co-acting myogenic pressure-dependent vasoconstriction. Alternatively, as the drug chosen for pressure control, sodium nitroprusside, serves as a nitric oxide donor, the relative balance between nitric oxide-mediated vasodilation and Ang II-induced vasoconstriction could have regional differences.

Keywords: Renin-angiotensin system; angiotensin II; angiotensin amide; atrial natriuretic factor; hemodynamics; nitroprusside; pulmonary circulation; renal circulation; splanchnic circulation; swine; vasoconstriction

Document Type: Research Article

DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.1034/j.1399-6576.2000.441009.x

Affiliations: 1: Department of Surgical and Perioperative Science, Anesthesiology and Intensive Care, Umeå University Hospital, Umeå, and 2: Department of Anesthesia and Intensive Care, Sahlgrenska University Hospital, Gothenburg, Sweden

Publication date: November 1, 2000

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