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Textures of diffusion-controlled reaction in contact-metamorphosed Mg-rich granulite, Kokchetav area, Kazakhstan

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Abstract:

In a granulite from the Kokchetav massif, a complex mineral assemblage and intricate textures have resulted from a combination of unusual rock composition and two-stage metamorphic history. The second, contact metamorphism produced mainly cordierite and anthophyllite, reflecting a bulk composition attributed to pre-metamorphic alteration of basic igneous rock. From the first, high-pressure metamorphism, garnet relics persist while another mineral has been completely pseudomorphed. The garnet is partly replaced by a symplectite of three minerals: orthopyroxene vermicules in a coarser intergrowth of cordierite and calcic plagioclase. Despite variable proportions of cordierite and plagioclase, the Al:Si ratio of the symplectite is almost constant, because the proportion of orthopyroxene is smaller where the dominant aluminous mineral is cordierite (Al:Si ≊ 0.8) than where the even more aluminous plagioclase (Al:Si ≊ 0.89) is prominent. The bulk Al:Si ratio of this symplectite, approximately 0.69, is very close to that of reactant garnet (0.66), indicating that Al and Si have been retained almost completely during the local reaction, while other elements were more mobile. In the pseudomorphs, aluminous cores (with Al:Si ratios 1.61-1.93) indicate that the mineral which has been completely replaced was probably kyanite. These cores comprise plagioclase, zoisite, corundum and spinel, and are surrounded by layers of plagioclase and cordierite. Fe, Mg, and Ca have diffused to the core, through layers with low bulk concentrations of these elements, probably by grain-boundary diffusion in the solid state.

Keywords: CORDIERITE-ORTHOAMPHIBOLE ROCKS; DIFFUSION; KOKCHETAV MASSIF; PSEUDOMORPH; SYMPLECTITE

Document Type: Research Article

DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.1180/002646198547585

Affiliations: 1: School of Earth Sciences, University of Birmingham, Edgbaston, Birmingham B15 2TT, UK 2: United Institute of Geology, Geophysics and Mineralogy, Siberian Branch of Russian Academy of Science, Universitetsky pr. 3, Novosibirsk 90, 630090 Russia

Publication date: April 1, 1998

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