Mineral chemistry of a peralkaline combeitelamprophyllite nephelinite from Oldoinyo Lengai, Tanzania
Authors: Dawson J. B.; Hill P. G.
Source: Mineralogical Magazine, Volume 62, Number 2, 1 April 1998 , pp. 179-196(18)
Publisher: Mineralogical Society
Abstract:A peralkaline nephelinite lava ((Na+K)/Al 2.15) from the active carbonatite volcano Oldoinyo Lengai, contains combeite, Ba lamprophyllite, a phase with affinities to delhayelite, CeSrNb perovskite, a CaNa phosphate high in Sr, Ba and K, and peralkaline glass; in addition to Fe-rich nepheline, aegirine-rich clinopyroxene and FeK-rich sodalite. The high alkali concentrations relative to alumina in the bulk rock could not have been achieved by fractionational crystallisation of the known Al-rich phenocryst phases (nepheline and sodalite) and some other process must be invoked.
Document Type: Research article
Publication date: 1998-04-01