Composites based on ZnS nanparticles embedded in layered magadiite were synthesized via a three step process : protonation of Na-magadiite, ion exchange in order to introduce Zn(NH3)42+ in the interlayer space, and addition of Na2S to form
ZnS particles in the interlayer space of magadiite. The composites obtained were characterized by X-ray power diffraction (XRD), Scanning Electron Microscopy coupled with Energy Dispersive Spectroscopy (SEM-EDS), Transmission Electron Microscopy (TEM), Raman spectroscopy, Photoluminscence
spectra (PL), and UV-visible transmission spectra (UV-vis). Results indicated that ZnS nanoparticles embedded in magadiite presented different optical properties and photoluminescence enhancement properties compared with those of uncovered ZnS particles (without host magadiite).