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Open Access Coupled chemical-hydraulic-mechanical modelling of long-term alteration of bentonite

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Abstract:

In order to evaluate the long-term behaviour of the engineered barriers in geological disposal sites for transuranic element-bearing (TRU) waste, an evaluation by numerical analysis is required. Although chemical and hydraulic/mechanical analyses have been conducted independently until now, essentially both type of phenomena occur simultaneously and produce synergistic effects. Therefore, we focused attention on the buffer (bentonite) engineered barrier and conducted a study of which involved incorporating hydraulic/mechanical phenomena into the chemical analysis of bentonite alteration. The simulations employed weakly-coupled chemical and hydraulic/mechanical effects to study the behaviour in one dimension.

The results showed that the dissolution of the montmorillonite is suppressed in the buffer section nearest the cement material. Moreover, in order to achieve a fully coupled analysis in future, the present study also identifies issues that need to be resolved.

Keywords: ALTERATION; BATCH; BENTONITE BUFFER; ENGINEERED BARRIERS; GEOMECHANICS; STORAGE/DISPOSAL RADIOACTIVE WASTE

Document Type: Research Article

DOI: https://doi.org/10.1180/claymin.2013.048.2.13

Publication date: 2013-05-01

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