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Stichtite: a review

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Abstract:

Stichtite is a naturally occurring layered double hydroxide (LDH) with the ideal chemical formula Mg6Cr2CO3(OH)16ยท4H2O. It has received less attention in the literature than other LDHs and is often described as a rare mineral; however, abundant deposits of the mineral do exist. In this article we aim to review a number of significant publications concerning the mineral stichtite, including papers covering the discovery, geological origin, synthesis and characterizsation of stichtite. Characterization techniques reviewed include powder X-ray diffraction (XRD), infrared spectroscopy (IR), near infrared spectroscopy (NIR), Raman spectroscopy (Raman), thermogravimetry (TG) and electron microprobe analysis.

Keywords: ANIONIC CLAYS; ELECTRON MICROPROBE ANALYSIS; HYDROTALCITE; IR SPECTROSCOPY; LAYERED DOUBLE HYDROXIDE; NEAR-IR SPECTROSCOPY; RAMAN SPECTROSCOPY; STICHTITE; SYNTHESIS; THERMAL ANALYSIS; X-RAY POWDER DIFFRACTION

Document Type: Review Article

DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.1180/claymin.2013.048.4.10

Publication date: March 1, 2013

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