Synthesis of linear alkylbenzene sulphonate intercalated iron(II) iron(III) hydroxide sulphate (green rust) and adsorption of carbon tetrachloride

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Abstract:

Green rusts, GRs, can act as both sorbents and reductants towards selected pollutants. Organo-GRs are expected to combine these properties with a high affinity for hydrophobic substances. A novel organo-GR, GRLAS, was synthesized by incorporating a mixture of linear alkylbenzenesulphonates (LAS) into the interlayer space of synthetic sulphate green rust, GRSO4. Mössbauer analysis of GRLAS indicates that the structure of the organo-GR is very similar to that of the initial GRSO4 with regard to the FeII/FeIII ratio and local coordination of Fe atoms. X-ray diffraction demonstrates that the GRLAS formed was well ordered, although a mixture of surfactant was used for intercalation. The basal spacings of the GRLAS and the kinetics of the ion-exchange process were dependent on the initial surfactant loading; basal spacings of ∼2.85 nm were obtained at LAS solution concentrations >10 mM. The ratio LASadsorbed/SO2−4desorbed significantly exceeded the stoichiometric ratio of 2 during the initial part of the ion-exchange process (t = 5 h). However, this ratio was reached progressively with time. GRSO4 preferentially sorbed LAS homologues with long alkyl chains over short ones. Carbon tetrachloride was successfully adsorbed into GRLAS. The adsorption isotherm was linear with a distribution coefficient, Kd, of 505±19 litre kg−1.

Keywords: CARBONATES; GREEN RUST; LAYERED DOUBLE HYDROXIDES; ORGANIC CONTAMINANTS; PHYLLOSILICATES; REACTIVITY; SYNTHESIS

Document Type: Research Article

DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.1180/claymin.2007.042.3.04

Publication date: September 1, 2007

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