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Synthesis of ZSM-5 on kaolin microspheres in the absence of an organic amine template

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Abstract:

Zeolite ZSM-5 was synthesized successfully, in situ, on pyrokaolin microspheres (PKM) under hydrothermal conditions, without the use of an organic amine template. The utility of alkali-modified pyrokaolin microspheres (AMKM) was also evaluated. The resulting products were characterized using X-ray diffraction, scanning electron microscopy (SEM) and N2-adsorption isotherm data. The material containing ZSM-5 synthesized from the system PKM-additional silica-water had a large surface area and pore volume with significant enhancements in the micropore surface area and micropore volume. The SEM images show that the synthesis of zeolite ZSM-5 from pyrokaolin microspheres (PKM) led to the formation of polycrystalline aggregates <2 m in size. The purity of the zeolite ZSM-5 produced was affected by both the pH value of the reactant system and the reaction temperature. In the system containing AMKM-additional silica-water, very little of the synthesized zeolite resided on the kaolin microspheres.

Keywords: KAOLIN MICROSPHERES; ORGANIC AMINE TEMPLATE; SYNTHESIS; ZEOLITE; ZSM-5

Document Type: Research Article

DOI: https://doi.org/10.1180/claymin.2007.042.2.06

Publication date: 2007-06-01

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