Dehydration behaviour hexadecyltrimethylammonium-exchanged smectite
Abstract:The dehydration of hexadecyltrimethylammonium (HDTMA)-exchanged smectites has been studied using X-ray diffractometry (XRD) and differential scanning calorimetry (DSC).The basal spacing of hydrated HDTMA-smectites changed with temperature. The 2.5 HDTMA-smectite (i.e.smectite treated with HDTMA equivalent to 2.5 times the CEC) showed a continuous increase in its basal spacing during dehydration up to 200ºC, while the 1.2 HDTM A-smectite showed a significant decrease in basal spacing. It is assumed that the less ordered alkyl chains in the wet state in the interlayer region may be rearranged to ordered chains (e.g. all-trans conformation) during sequential dehydration. This results in a decrease in interlayer spacing in the phase with low organic packing density and a flat-lying array (i.e.1.2 HDTMA-smectite), and a gradual increase in the basal spacing when the chains have a vertical configuration (2.5 HDTM A-smectite).
Document Type: Research Article
Publication date: June 1, 2003