Skip to main content

Destabilization of montmorillonite suspensions by Ca2+ and succinoglycan

Buy Article:

$13.61 plus tax (Refund Policy)

Abstract:

Aggregation of colloidal clay particles (Na-montmorillonite) by CaCl2 and anionic polysaccharide (succinoglycan) in turbulent conditions was investigated using time-resolved size measurements by laser diffraction on diluted (50 mg l-1) and stirred suspensions. Excess of Ca2+ ions promotes coagulation of the clay, reducing interparticle repulsions, and allows adsorption of succinoglycan, inducing bridging flocculation. Growth/breakage cycles, characteristic of the turbulent conditions, cause the macromolecules to be incorporated in the innermost of the flocs, where the morphological units are shown by confocal microscopy to be the micrometric Ca-clay particles. Such incorporation results in an increased floc tensile strength, depending on the amount of macromolecules adsorbed, with a maximum at polysaccharide concentrations of 2 wt.% with respect to clay mass.

Keywords: CONFOCAL MICROSCOPY; FLOCCULATION; LASER DIFFRACTION; MONTMORILLONITE; POLYSACCHARIDE; SOIL AGGREGATION

Document Type: Research Article

DOI: https://doi.org/10.1180/0009855033820087

Publication date: 2003-06-01

More about this publication?
  • Access Key
  • Free content
  • Partial Free content
  • New content
  • Open access content
  • Partial Open access content
  • Subscribed content
  • Partial Subscribed content
  • Free trial content
UA-1313315-23
Cookie Policy
X
Cookie Policy
Ingenta Connect website makes use of cookies so as to keep track of data that you have filled in. I am Happy with this Find out more