Clay mineral and organic diagenesis of the Lower Oligocene Scho ¨neck Fishshale, western Austrian Molasse Basin
The 'Fischschiefer formation' has been identified as the likely source rock for petroleum in the western Molasse Basin of Austria. The investigated cores originate from different depths (1242 m to 4294 m) of the Fischschiefer horizon. The illitization observed in the <0.2 m fraction proceeds slowly, probably because of the low geothermal gradient (3°C/100 m) in the Molasse Basin. The illite content in illite-smectite ranges from 30% (randomly ordered) for the shallowest sample to 65% (R0+R1 ordering) for the deepest sample. The oxygen index (OI) vs. hydrogen index (HI) plot implies type I to II kerogen for the organic matter. Vitrinite reflectance and Rock Eval parameters indicate an immature stage in the diagenesis of kerogen. Only the deepest sample (4294 m, 0.6% Rr) reaches the early oil window. There is a good correlation of the illitization trend of the mixed-layer mineral I-S and the organic maturity parameters.
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Document Type: Research Article
Publication date: 2000-09-01