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Interaction between glycine and Na-, Ca- and Cu-rich smectites

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Abstract:

The interactions between glycine and two Na-, Ca- and Cu-exchanged smectites with different layer-charge location were studied. The sorption of glycine depends on the nature of the interlayer cations (Ca < Na < Cu), and on the type of smectite. Sequential extraction procedures were carried out in order to test the possibility of removing metals and/or glycine from the smectite interlayer. By the end of the treatments, the release of the amino acid from the substrates, with the exception of Cu-rich smectite, was virtually complete. The thermal curves of glycine-smectites confirm the stronger bonding of the amino acid with Cu-exchanged samples, and FTIR spectra indicate that glycine is mainly sorbed in the zwitterionic form. The data obtained suggest that in investigations into mechanisms of the binding of metals by minerals and their subsequent mobilization, amino acids merit close attention.

Keywords: FTIR; GLYCINE; HOMOIONIC SMECTITES; LAYER CHARGE; THERMAL ANALYSIS

Document Type: Research Article

DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.1180/000985500547098

Publication date: September 1, 2000

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