If you are experiencing problems downloading PDF or HTML fulltext, our helpdesk recommend clearing your browser cache and trying again. If you need help in clearing your cache, please click here . Still need help? Email help@ingentaconnect.com

Free Content Clay mineral authigenesis along a mid-continental scale fluid conduit in Palaeozoic sedimentary rocks from southern Ontario, Canada

 Download
(PDF 328.7kb)
 
Download Article:

Abstract:

Rocks above and below the Precambrian-Palaeozoic unconformity at the base of many Palaeozoic sedimentary basins of mid-continental North America are distinguished by secondary K-feldspar, chlorite and illite. Thrusting of the Appalachian foreland is generally considered responsible for the fluid migrations which caused this alteration. We have examined secondary chlorite and illite from Cambro-Ordovician rocks which overlie the unconformity in southern Ontario, Canada. This area is situated along the interface between the Michigan and Appalachian basins. Water involved in chloritic alteration at ~150°C has an O isotope composition compatible with a basinal brine evolved from seawater. Brine migration was probably triggered by the Taconic Orogeny to the east. In comparison, the secondary illite (365-321 Ma) largely postdates the Acadian Orogeny, and the illite-forming fluids have stable isotopic compositions typical of tepid (~40-55°C) meteoric water. We suggest that basement arches beneath southern Ontario were reactivated by this orogeny, which facilitated introduction of meteoric water. Similar alteration in underlying Precambrian rocks shows that fluid flow was focused along the unconformity during the regional Ordovician brine migration, as well as during the localized Mississippian introduction of fresh water.

Document Type: Research Article

DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.1180/000985500546620

Publication date: March 1, 2000

More about this publication?
Related content

Tools

Favourites

Share Content

Access Key

Free Content
Free content
New Content
New content
Open Access Content
Open access content
Subscribed Content
Subscribed content
Free Trial Content
Free trial content
UA-1313315-23
Cookie Policy
X
Cookie Policy
ingentaconnect website makes use of cookies so as to keep track of data that you have filled in. I am Happy with this Find out more