New data on the kaolinite-potassium acetate complex
The intercalation complex of kaolinite and potassium acetate (KAc) was studied by HTXRD, IR spectroscopy and DTA-TG. The HTXRD patterns indicate that the 14.06 Å basal spacing of the complex contracts to 11.77 Å and 9.35 Å after heating at 60°C. The DTA-TG data indicate that water is present in these new complexes, the decomposition of which occurs between 290°C and 400°C. Modifications observed in the high-frequency region of the spectra obtained after eating suggest that K ions occupy the ditrigonal holes in the OH surface of the kaolinite layers, whereas water is probably located between the KAc layer and the OH surface of the kaolinite. This structural arrangement would favour the H-bonding between inner-surface OH groups and water and justifies the presence of new bands at lower frequencies. Electrostatic interactions between the keyed K ions and O of the inner OH groups would justify the modifications of the 3619 cm-1 OH-stretching band.
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