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Open Access Impact of the Global Economic Crisis on the Health of Unemployed Autoworkers Répercutions de la crise économique mondiale sur la santé des travailleurs de l'automobile sans emploi

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Abstract:

A phenomenological investigation was undertaken to examine the effects of the 2008–09 global economic recession on the health of unemployed blue-collar autoworkers in the Canadian province of Ontario between September and November 2009. A total of 22 men and 12 women took part. Participants completed a quantitative demographic and financial questionnaire. The qualitative aspect of the study consisted of a phenomenological component comprising semi-structured focus group sessions lasting 2 to 2.5 hours. The number of years employed ranged from 2 to 31.7 with a mean of 15 ± 8. Participants reported high levels of stress, anxiety, and depression; increased physical pain and discomfort; changes in weight and sexual function; and financial hardships, including inability to purchase prescribed medications. The authors conclude that unemployment associated with the global recession has negative health effects on autoworkers in Ontario.

French
Une étude phénoménologique a été réalisée dans le but d'examiner les effets de la récession économique mondiale de 2008-2009 sur la santé des cols bleus sans emploi de l'industrie automobile de la province canadienne de l'Ontario, entre septembre et novembre 2009. Un total de 22 hommes et 12 femmes ont participé à l'étude. Les participants ont répondu à un questionnaire visant à recueillir des données quantitatives de nature démographique et financière. La part qualitative de l'étude consiste en une analyse phénoménologique de séances de discussions de groupe semi-structurées ayant duré entre 2 et 2,5 heures. Le nombre d'années d'expérience des travailleurs se situait entre 2 et 31,7 ans, pour une moyenne de 15,8 ans. Les participants ont dit souffrir d'un degré élevé de stress, d'anxiété et de dépression, ressentir des douleurs et des inconforts physiques accrus, avoir observé une transformation de leur poids et de leurs fonctions sexuelles, et éprouver des difficultés financières, y compris une incapacité de payer pour des médicaments prescrits. Les auteurs concluent de leur étude que les pertes d'emplois provoquées par la récession mondiale ont eu des effets négatifs sur la santé des travailleurs de l'automobile en Ontario.

Keywords: AUTOWORKERS; GLOBAL RECESSION; HEALTH; UNEMPLOYMENT

Document Type: Research Article

Publication date: 2013-09-01

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