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Open Access Leaving the Philippines: Oral Histories of Nurses' Transition to Canadian Nursing Practice Quitter les Philippines : récits oraux sur la transition que vivent les infirmières dans le processus d'adoption de pratiques infirmières canadiennes

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Abstract:

Filipino nurses are the leading group of immigrant nurses in Canada, making up a substantial portion of the nursing workforce, yet little is known about the contexts surrounding their immigration and transition experiences at the individual level. This study examines the transition experiences of Filipino nurses who immigrated to Canada between 1970 and 2000. Using oral history as the framework and method, it establishes a body of work in examining the history of this group of nurses in a Canadian context. Individual interviews were conducted with 9 Filipino nurses working in 2 Canadian provinces. Findings suggest that nurses may have delayed the process of becoming a Registered Nurse because the family was considered a priority, they found that adjusting to the role and scope of Canadian nursing practice required time, and they felt “foreign” and sensed a need to prove their competence to Canadian nurses.

French
Les infirmières philippines constituent le plus important groupe d'infirmières immigrantes au Canada. Bien qu'elles comptent pour une grande proportion de la main-d'œuvre infirmière, nous avons peu d'information sur les contextes dans lesquels s'inscrivent leurs expériences individuelles d'immigration et de transition. Cette étude se penche donc sur les expériences de transition d'infirmières philippines ayant immigré au Canada entre 1970 et 2000. Utilisant les récits oraux comme cadre et méthode de travail, elle établit un corpus de travaux en examinant l'histoire de ce groupe d'infirmières en contexte canadien. Des entrevues individuelles ont été réalisées auprès de neuf infirmières philippines qui occupent des emplois dans deux provinces canadiennes. L'étude met en lumière les raisons qui ont fait que certaines infirmières ont tardé à entamer les démarches qui leur permettaient de devenir une infirmière autorisée : elles accordaient la priorité à leur famille; elles constataient que l'ajustement que nécessitaient le rôle et la portée de la pratique infirmière canadienne exigeait du temps; elles se sentaient comme des « étrangères » et avaient l'impression de devoir prouver qu'elles étaient compétentes aux yeux de leurs collègues canadiennes.

Keywords: CANADA; CULTURE; HISTORY OF NURSING; IMMIGRATION; MIGRATION; ORAL HISTORY; PHILIPPINES; TRANSITION

Document Type: Research Article

Publication date: 2012-12-01

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