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Open Access Global Health for Nursing . . . and Nursing for Global Health La santé mondiale pour la profession infirmière... et la profession infirmière pour la santé mondiale

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Abstract:

This article draws on the literature to present a conceptualization of global health (GH) that corresponds with the discipline of nursing and defines the contributions of nursing to GH. The author's perspective is that “health” should be defined and considered holistically to reflect the fact that GH involves more than the eradication of disease and that health as a fundamental right of every human being must be made explicit. “Global” refers to the supraterritorial links among the social determinants of health located at points anywhere on earth within a whole-world context. The focus of GH is the supraterritorial determinants and its ultimate objective is health equity for all nations and all people. The contributions of nurses are advocacy, healing and alleviating suffering through caring, and increasing nursing capacity globally. To truly advance the GH agenda, a new world order is needed, one in which political decision-making is guided by our shared humanity.

French
Cet article puise dans la documentation pour présenter une conceptualisation de la santé mondiale (SM) qui correspond à la profession infirmière et définit les apports de la pratique infirmière à la SM. Selon l'auteure, la « santé » doit être définie et abordée sous une perspective holistique afin de mettre en évidence le fait que la SM va au-delà de l'éradication de la maladie et que le droit fondamental à la santé, dont tout être humain doit bénéficier, doit être exprimé de façon explicite. Le mot « mondiale » fait référence aux liens supraterritoriaux entre les déterminants sociaux présents partout dans le monde, dans un contexte international. La SM met l'accent sur les déterminants supraterritoriaux et a pour objectif ultime l'équité en matière de santé pour toutes les nations et tous les peuples. Les infirmières peuvent défendre les droits, prodiguer des soins, soulager les souffrances et œuvrer à augmenter la capacité des services infirmiers à l'échelle mondiale. Les priorités en matière de SM ne peuvent être véritablement mises en œuvre qu'en établissant un nouvel ordre mondiale dans le cadre duquel les décisions politiques seront guidées par des principes fondés sur une humanité commune.

Keywords: GLOBAL HEALTH; HOLISTIC NURSING; NURSING THEORY; SOCIAL DETERMINANTS OF HEALTH

Document Type: Research Article

Publication date: December 1, 2012

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