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Supporting Fathers' Efforts to Be Smoke-Free: Program Principles Soutenir l'effort des pères qui souhaitent cesser de fumer : principes pour un programme

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Abstract:

There is limited empirical evidence on effective ways to develop, distribute, and evaluate men-centred, gender-sensitive health promotion programs. The purpose of this research was to transition qualitative findings on men's smoking into father-centred cessation interventions. Men's perspectives were gathered in 4 group sessions with 24 new fathers who smoked. The data led to the identification of 3 principles for men's health promotion programs: use positive messaging to promote change without amplifying stigma, guilt, shame, and blame; foster connections between masculine ideals (e.g., strength, decisiveness, resilience, autonomy) and being smoke-free; and privilege the testimonials of potential end-users (e.g., fathers who smoke and want to quit). Experiences drawn from the design and pilot-testing of a booklet and a group program based on these principles are described. The findings can be used to guide nurses in the design and/or delivery of men's health promotion programs.

French
Il existe peu de données empiriques sur les moyens efficaces d'élaborer, de diffuser et d'évaluer des programmes de promotion de la santé tenant compte de la spécificité des sexes et ciblant les hommes. L'objectif de la présente recherche était de transformer des constatations qualitatives sur les hommes fumeurs en principes d'intervention visant l'abandon du tabagisme chez les pères. Des points de vue d'hommes ont été recueillis lors de quatre séances de discussion de groupe menées avec 24 nouveaux pères fumeurs. Ces données ont permis de dégager trois principes à adopter dans l'élaboration d'un programme de promotion de la santé ciblant les hommes : utiliser des messages positifs qui favorisent le changement sans mettre l'accent sur les idées de stigmatisation, de culpabilité, de honte et de responsabilité; renforcer les liens entre les valeurs correspondant à l'idéal de la masculinité (p. ex., la force, la détermination, la résilience et l'indé pendance) et le fait de ne pas fumer; privilégier les témoignages de bénéficiaires éventuels du programme (p. ex., les pères qui fument et souhaitent arrêter). L'étude présente une description des expériences tirées de la conception et de l'essai pilote d'une brochure et d'un programme de groupe reposant sur ces principes. Les conclusions pourront servir à orienter le personnel infirmier dans la conception ou la prestation de programmes de promotion de la santé chez les hommes.

Keywords: GENDER; MASCULINITIES; MEN'S HEALTH PROMOTION; SMOKING CESSATION

Document Type: Short Communication

Publication date: September 1, 2012

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