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Open Access Two-Eyed Seeing: A Framework for Understanding Indigenous and Non-Indigenous Approaches to Indigenous Health Research L'approche à double perspective : un cadre pour comprendre les approches autochtones et non autochtones à la recherche en santé autochtone

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Abstract:

This article presents two-eyed seeing as a theoretical framework that embraces the contributions of both Indigenous and Western “ways of knowing” (worldviews). It presents key characteristics and principles of these different perspectives and suggests ways in which they might be used together to answer our most pressing questions about the health of Indigenous people and communities. Presenting a critique of positivism, which has historically undermined and/or dismissed Indigenous ways of knowing as “unscientific,” it discusses the origins of both Western and Indigenous approaches to understanding health; the importance of giving equal consideration to diverse Indigenous and non-Indigenous worldviews such that one worldview does not dominate or undermine the contributions of others; and how balanced consideration of contributions from diverse worldviews, embraced within a two-eyed seeing framework, can reshape the nature of the questions we ask in the realm of Indigenous health research.

French
Cet article présente l'approche à double perspective (two-eyed seeing) en tant que cadre théorique englobant les apports des modes de connaissances (visions du monde) autochtones et occidentaux. Il présente les caractéristiques et les principes clés de ces différentes perspectives et suggère des façons dont elles pourraient être utilisées conjointement pour répondre à nos questions les plus pressantes sur la santé des Autochtones et leurs collectivités. Contenant une critique du positivisme, qui a dans le passé miné ou rejeté les modes de connaissances autochtones jugés non scientifiques, l'article traite des origines des approches occidentales et autochtones en matière de compréhension de la santé; de l'importance d'accorder la même attention aux diverses visions du monde occidentales et autochtones de manière à ce que l'une d'elles ne domine pas ou ne sape pas les apports de l'autre; et de la manière dont un examen équilibré des apports des diverses visions du monde, effectué dans un cadre fondé sur une double perspective, peut reformuler les questions que nous posons dans le domaine de la recherche en santé autochtone.

Keywords: ABORIGINAL PEOPLES; HEALTH; HEALTH RESEARCH; INDIGENOUS PEOPLES; THEORY; TWO-EYED SEEING; WORLDVIEWS

Document Type: Research Article

Publication date: 2012-06-01

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