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Open Access The Health of Women Temporary Agricultural Workers in Canada: A Critical Review of the Literature La santé des travailleuses agricoles temporaires au Canada : une recension critique de la littérature

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Among high-income countries such as Canada, there is growing dependency on "low skilled" temporary foreign workers in a variety of sectors. The purpose of this review is to critically synthesize and analyze the theoretical and empirical literature on gendered and temporary migration in the context of globalization and the health of temporary agricultural workers, particularly women in Canadian programs. While the social sciences literature contains well-developed conceptualizations of gendered migration, the research has focused on women in feminized occupations such as domestic work. Multidisciplinary searches produced only 11 research and review publications on the gendered constraints or health of temporary agricultural workers in Canada. Further investigation is needed to explore and integrate the strengths, resiliencies, and health-care needs of women migrant agricultural workers in Canada, as well as the barriers they face, within the intersecting and gendered forces of inequities at all levels: local, national, and global.

French
Les pays à revenu élevé comme le Canada dépendent de plus en plus d'une main-d'œuvre étrangère temporaire « peu spécialisée » dans divers secteurs. Cette recension vise à synthétiser et analyser de façon critique la littérature théorique et empirique portant sur la migration sexospécifique et temporaire en contexte de mondialisation et sur la santé des travailleurs agricoles temporaires, notamment les femmes recrutées dans le cadre de programmes canadiens. Bien que la littérature en sciences sociales présentent des conceptualisations sexospécifiques très élaborées sur la migration, les chercheuses se sont particulièrement penchées sur les femmes qui occupent des emplois traditionnellement féminins, comme le travail ménager. Des recherches multidisciplinaires n'ont révélé que 11 publications de recherche et de recension critique traitant des contraintes liées au genre ou de la santé des travailleurs agricoles temporaires au Canada. D'autres recherches devront être réalisées pour explorer et intégrer la question des forces, de la résilience et des besoins des travailleuses agricoles migrantes en matière de santé, qui œuvrent au Canada. Elles devront aussi se pencher sur les obstacles auxquels elles font face, dans une perspective tenant compte du croisement des forces sexospécifiques de l'iniquité à tous les paliers, soit local, national et mondial.

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Keywords: DETERMINANTS OF HEALTH; GENDER; HEALTH DISPARITIES; UNDERSERVED POPULATIONS; VULNERABLE POPULATIONS; WOMEN'S HEALTH

Document Type: Research Article

Publication date: 2011-12-01

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