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Open Access Young Women and Cervical Cancer Screening: What Barriers Persist? Les jeunes femmes et le dépistage du cancer du col utérin : quels sont les obstacles qui persistent?

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Abstract:

A reduction in participation rates for cervical cancer screening (CCS) by women aged 20 to 24 in the Canadian province of British Columbia led to this study evaluating young women's knowledge of CCS and identifying barriers to and facilitators of participation in CCS. A qualitative design was used and focus groups were held with a total of 80 women. Barriers to participation in CCS included difficulty finding health-care providers and the invasiveness of the Pap test. Facilitators included assistance with finding a health-care provider, availability of female providers, established relationship with a provider or clinic, and education about Pap tests. Education about the importance of CCS and assistance with finding health-care providers are key factors in increasing young women's participation in screening.

French
Une réduction du taux de participation au dépistage du cancer du col utérin des femmes âgées de 20 à 24 ans dans la province canadienne de la Colombie-Britannique a conduit à cette étude évaluant les connaissances des jeunes femmes du dépistage du cancer du col utérin et identifiant les obstacles et les facteurs incitant au dépistage. Les chercheuses ont eu recours à une conception qualitative et tenu des groupes de discussion auxquels ont participé un total de 80 femmes. La difficulté à trouver des fournisseurs de soins de santé et le caractère invasif du test de Papanicolaou figurent parmi les obstacles à la participation au dépistage qui ont été mentionnés. Parmi les facteurs susceptibles de faciliter la participation figurent l'aide à la recherche d'un fournisseur de soins de santé, la disponibilité de fournisseurs de soins féminins, des relations établies avec un professionnel de la santé ou une clinique, et l'éducation sur le test de Papanicolaou. L'éducation sur l'importance du dépistage du cancer du col utérin et l'aide à la recherche d'un fournisseur de soins de santé sont des facteurs clés qui favorisent la participation des jeunes femmes au dépistage.

Keywords: CERVICAL CANCER SCREENING; PAP TESTS; YOUNG WOMEN'S HEALTH

Document Type: Research Article

Publication date: March 1, 2011

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