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Open Access Attraction to Cannabis Among Men With Schizophrenia: A Phenomenological Study L'attirance qu'éprouvent les hommes atteints de schizophrénie pour le cannabis : une étude phénoménologique

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Abstract:

Cannabis use is common among persons with schizophrenia, particularly among men with this long-term chronic illness. A phenomenological study was undertaken to describe the perceptions of persons with schizophrenia regarding their attraction to cannabis. A sample of 8 men with schizophrenia who were living in the community and who had a history of current or past cannabis use were recruited by health professionals. Data were collected through in-depth interviewing and a sociodemographic questionnaire. Colaizzi's phenomenological method was used to analyze the interview data. The findings indicate that cannabis is used as a means of satisfying the schizophrenia-related need for relaxation, sense of self-worth, and distraction. The findings may be useful for nurses working with persons who have schizophrenia, a population that is frequently stigmatized and unheard.

French
L'utilisation du cannabis est une pratique courante chez les personnes souffrant de schizophrénie, notamment chez les hommes qui en sont chroniquement atteints. Une étude phénoménologique a été menée avec pour objectif de décrire les perceptions des personnes souffrant de schizophrénie quant à l'attirance qu'elles éprouvent pour le cannabis. Des professionnels de la santé ont recruté un échantillonnage de huit hommes schizophrènes qui vivaient au sein de la collectivité et qui avaient déjà consommé du cannabis ou qui en consommaient au moment de la recherche. Des données ont été recueillies au moyen d'entrevues approfondies et d'un questionnaire sociodémographique. Les auteures ont appliqué la méthode phénoménologique de Colaizzi pour analyser les données découlant des entrevues. Les résultats indiquent que le cannabis est consommé pour satisfaire des besoins relatifs à la schizophrénie, notamment un besoin de détente, d'estime de soi et de divertissement, et peuvent informer la pratique du personnel infirmier œuvrant auprès de personnes atteintes de schizophrénie, une population souvent stigmatisée et ignorée.

Keywords: CANNABIS; PHENOMENOLOGY; SCHIZOPHRENIA; SELF-MEDICATION; SUBSTANCE USE

Document Type: Research Article

Publication date: March 1, 2010

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  • CJNR is a peer-reviewed, quarterly journal published by the McGill University School of Nursing since 1969. With world-wide circulation, CJNR's primary mandate is to publish original nursing research that develops basic knowledge for the discipline and examines the application of the knowledge in practice. Research related to education and history is also welcomed, as are methodological, theoretical, and review papers that advance nursing science. Letters or commentaries about published articles are encouraged. Learn more.
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