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Open Access Workplace Violence Reported by Canadian Nurses Les cas de violence au travail rapportés par les infirmières canadiennes

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The purpose of this study was to determine the prevalence, origins, and forms of workplace violence reported by nurses working in acute-care settings in the Canadian province of Quebec. The Quebec health-care system is currently undergoing a shortage of qualified nurses that has resulted in an oppressive work environment marked by violence towards nurses. A descriptive study design was used with a sample of 181 nurses (out of a possible 300). The data, collected in 2003 using a French translation of the Workplace Violence Events Questionnaire, show that 86.5% of the nurses were victims of violent incidents on more than 1 occasion. The nature of the abuse was physical (10.6%), psychological (86.4%), or sexual (30.7%), inflicted by a colleague (65.9%), a superior (59.6%), or a physician (59.1%). Nurses should be made aware of the prevalence of workplace violence. Preventive measures are urgently needed for the well-being of the nursing profession.

Cette étude avait pour but de déterminer la prévalence, les causes et les formes de la violence au travail, en prenant appui sur les cas rapportés par des infirmières évoluant dans un milieu de soins actifs, dans la province de Québec, au Canada. Le système de santé québécois connaît actuellement une pénurie d'infirmières qualifiées, ce qui a donné lieu à un environnement de travail oppressif, marqué par la violence envers les infirmières. L'étude, de nature descriptive, se fonde sur un échantillon de 181 infirmières (sur une possibilité de 300). Les données ont été recueillies en 2003 à l'aide d'une traduction française du questionnaire Workplace Violence Events. Elles montrent que 86,5 % des infirmières ont été victimes d'un incident violent à plus d'une reprise. Ces actes avaient un caractère physique (10,6 %), psychologique (86,4 %) ou sexuel (30,7 %); ils ont été infligés par un collègue (65,9 %), un supérieur (59,6 %) ou un médecin (59,1 %). Les infirmières devraient être sensibilisées à la prévalence de la violence au travail. Il faudrait aussi instaurer de toute urgence des mesures préventives pour veiller au bien-être de tous les membres de la profession.


Document Type: Research Article

Publication date: September 1, 2009

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