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Open Access Physical Activity, Depressive Symptoms, and Social Support Among African-American Women With Type 2 Diabetes L'activité physique, les symptômes de la dépression et le soutien social chez les Afro-Américaines atteintes de diabète de type II

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Abstract:

This descriptive-correlational study examined the associations among physical activity, depressive symptoms, and perceived social support in 45 middle-aged and older African-American women with type 2 diabetes receiving care in 1 of 3 community-based primary care centres in the southeastern United States. Of the participants, 82% reported weekly physical activity and 88% reported a high degree of social support. The prevalence of depressive symptoms was also high in the sample ( = 15; 30%), and depressive symptoms were associated with younger age and less social support. Further investigation of physical activity characteristics, depressive symptoms, and social support in African-American women with type 2 diabetes is warranted.

French
Cette étude de nature descriptive et corrélationnelle visait à analyser les rapports entre l'activité physique, les symptômes de la dépression et les perceptions en matière de soutien social au sein d'un échantillon constitué de 45 Afro-Américaines d'âge moyen et avancé souffrant de diabète de type II, et qui reçoivent des soins dans l'un de trois centres de soins primaires situés dans le sudouest des États-Unis. Sur l'ensemble, 82 % des participantes ont indiqué qu'elles s'adonnaient à une activité physique et 88 % qu'elles jouissaient d'un degré élevé de soutien social. La prévalence des symptômes de dépression était élevée au sein de l'échantillon (n = 15; 30 %); on a relevé un lien entre les symptômes de dépression, le fait d'être jeune et un soutien social moindre. Ces conclusions confirment la nécessité de mener d'autres recherches sur les caractéristiques de l'activité physique, les symptômes de la dépression et le soutien social chez les Afro-Américaines atteintes de diabète de type II.

Keywords: DEPRESSION; DIABETES; PHYSICAL ACTIVITY; SOCIAL SUPPORT; WOMEN

Document Type: Research Article

Publication date: 2009-09-01

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