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Open Access The Psychosocial Work Environment and Evidence Utilization by Health Professionals L'environnement psychosocial au travail et l'utilisation de données probantes par les professionnels de la santé

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Abstract:

The purpose of this study was to investigate the relationships between dimensions of the psychosocial work environment and health professionals' use of evidence in their practice. A correlational descriptive design was developed. Health professionals working in mental health units at 2 hospitals were asked to complete a questionnaire about their perceptions of the psychosocial work environment and their use of evidence. Correlations and regression analyses were performed. Use of evidence was found to be correlated with social support and decision latitude. Results of multiple regression analyses found perceived social support (β = .27, < .01) and perceived decision latitude (β = .25, < .01) to be significant predictors of the use of evidence. The authors conclude that good social support and decision latitude among interprofessional groups may promote use of evidence by health professions in their practice.

French
Cette étude a pour but d'étudier les liens entre divers aspects de l'environnement psychosocial au travail et l'utilisation de données probantes par les professionnels de la santé dans le cadre de leur pratique. Une descriptive corrélationnelle a été élaborée et les professionnels de la santé æuvrant dans les unités de santé mentale de deux hôpitaux ont été invités à remplir un questionnaire sur leurs perceptions de leur environnement psychosocial au travail et sur leur utilisation de données probantes. Des corrélations et des analyses de régression ont été réalisées et les résultats indiquent qu'il existe une corrélation entre l'utilisation de données probantes et le soutien social, ainsi que le pouvoir décisionnel. Selon les résultats des multiples analyses de régression, le soutien social perçu (β = 0,27, p < 0,01) et le pouvoir décisionnel perçu (β = 0,25, p < 0,01) constituent d'importantes variables explicatives quant à l'utilisation de données probantes. Les auteurs de l'étude ont conclu que la présence d'un solide soutien social et d'un pouvoir décisionnel certain au sein des groupes interprofessionnels incite les professionnels de la santé à utiliser des données probantes dans le cadre de leur pratique.

Keywords: INTERPROFESSIONAL; PSYCHOSOCIAL WORK ENVIRONMENT; USE OF EVIDENCE

Document Type: Research Article

Publication date: 2008-12-01

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