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Open Access Community Resiliency as a Measure of Collective Health Status: Perspectives from Rural Communities La résilience communautaire comme mesure de l'état de santé collectif : perspectives de communautés rurales

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Abstract:

Community resiliency is a theoretical framework useful for describing the process used by communities to address adversity. A mixed-method 2-year case study was conducted to gather information about community resiliency in 2 rural communities. This article focuses on the themes generated from qualitative interviews with 55 members of these communities. The participants viewed community as a place of interdependence and interaction. The majority saw community resiliency as the ability to address challenges. Characteristics included physical and social infrastructure, population characteristics, conceptual characteristics, and problem-solving processes. Barriers included negative individual attitudes and lack of infrastructure in rural communities. Nurses could play a key role in enhancing the resiliency of rural communities by developing and implementing programs based on the Community Resiliency Model, which was supported in this study.

French
La résilience communautaire est un cadre théorique utilisé pour décrire le processus que les communautés utilisent pour gérer l'adversité. Une étude de cas d'une durée de deux ans et s'appuyant sur une méthode mixte a été réalisée au sein de deux communautés rurales pour recueillir de l'information sur la résilience communautaire. Cet article se penche sur les thèmes issus des entrevues qualitatives réalisées auprès de 55 membres de ces collectivités. Les participants percevaient la communauté comme un lieu d'interdépendance et d'interaction. La majorité des répondants définissaient la résilience communautaire comme la capacité de gérer des défis. L'infrastructure physique et sociale, les caractéristiques de la population, les caractéristiques conceptuels et les processus de résolution de problèmes figuraient parmi les éléments qui sont ressortis, alors que les attitudes individuelles négatives et l'absence d'infrastructure dans les communautés rurales figuraient parmi les obstacles identifiés. Le personnel infirmier peut jouer un rôle important quant à l'amélioration de la résilience de ces collectivités, en élaborant et en mettant en æuvre des programmes axés sur le modèle de la résilience communautaire, présenté dans cette étude.

Keywords: AGRICULTURAL COMMUNITIES; COMMUNITY; COMMUNITY RESILIENCY; MINING COMMUNITIES; RURAL; SOCIAL PROCESSES

Document Type: Research Article

Publication date: 2008-12-01

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