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Open Access Actuarial Assessment of Violence Risk in Hospital-Based Partner Assault Clinics L'évaluation actuarielle des risques de violence dans les cliniques de lutte à la violence conjugale basées dans les hôpitaux

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Abstract:

Hospital-based partner assault clinics are a relatively recent addition to the community response to partner violence. In this study, 66% of 111 women attending hospital clinics for partner assault were physically injured and 43% reported death threats. Few concurrently used other services (shelters or police) and most relied on female friends and relatives for help. Many participants who currently lived with the perpetrator were contemplating leaving but only a third had made plans to do so. Participants faced an unusually high risk of future assault, according to both victim interview using the ODARA actuarial risk assessment and their own perceptions. Findings imply an important role for partner assault clinics and the feasibility of the victim service sector's using the same actuarial risk assessments as the criminal justice system.

French
En réponse à la violence conjugale, la collectivité a récemment mis sur pied des cliniques de lutte à la violence conjugale basées dans les hôpitaux, une ressource qui s'ajoute à d'autres outils d'intervention. Dans le cadre de cette étude, 66 % des 111 femmes qui fréquentaient des cliniques en milieu hospitalier pour cause de violence conjugale ont subi des blessures physiques et 43 % d'entre elles ont reçu des menaces de mort. Peu d'entre elles recouraient en même temps à d'autres services (maisons d'hébergements ou services policiers) et la plupart comptaient sur l'aide d'amies ou de membres de leur famille. Nombre de participantes qui vivaient toujours avec leur partenaire agresseur envisageaient la possibilité de le quitter. Toutefois, un tiers seulement avaient fait des projets concrets pour passer à l'action. Les participantes étaient exposées à un risque de futures agressions exceptionnellement élevé, selon les deux entrevues réalisées auprès des victimes à l'aide de la méthode d'évaluation actuarielle de risques ODARA et selon leurs propres perceptions. Les résultats indiquent que les cliniques de ce type jouent un rôle important et que les mêmes outils d'évaluation actuarielle des risques peuvent être utilisés tant dans les secteurs de services aux victimes que dans le milieu de la justice pénale.

Keywords: INJURY; NURSING; PARTNER ASSAULT; RISK ASSESSMENT

Document Type: Research Article

Publication date: December 1, 2008

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