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Open Access Discovering the Literature on Aboriginal Diabetes in Canada: A Focus on Holistic Methodologies La littérature traitant du diabète chez les Autochtones canadiens : une étude des méthodologies holistiques

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Abstract:

Promoting culturally competent care for diabetes is critical to addressing the health inequities of indigenous peoples. Based on a review of studies published between 1995 and 2007, the author presents a descriptive analysis of Aboriginal diabetes knowledge guiding the involvement of advanced practice nurses in programs of care. While the literature review is not systematic, it is sufficiently comprehensive to provide a theoretical backdrop to Aboriginal diabetes programs of practice and research. In terms of a particular area of Aboriginal diabetes literature, it also provides a snapshot of community-based diabetes research focused on holistic methodologies historically used in the Canadian context. The Aboriginal diabetes literature is found to be a source of rich information. Analysis of holistic methodologies, however, reveals underdevelopment of research and limited use of key holistic guidelines for Aboriginal policy research.

French
La promotion de soins adaptés à la culture des personnes atteintes de diabète est une démarche essentielle dans le cadre des efforts visant à s'attaquer aux iniquités infligées aux Autochtones en matière de santé. S'appuyant sur les études publiées de 1995 à 2007, l'auteure présente une analyse descriptive des connaissances portant sur le diabète chez les Autochtones comme outil guidant l'intégration des pratiques infirmières de fine pointe dans les programmes de soins. La recension de la littérature n'est pas systématique mais elle est suffisamment exhaustive pour constituer un cadre théorique pouvant être appliqué dans les programmes de pratiques et de recherche en matière de diabète chez la population autochtone. Concernant les écrits sur un volet particulier de ce sujet, cette recension offre un instantané de la recherche communautaire portant sur cette maladie et axée sur les méthodologies holistiques historiquement utilisées en contexte canadien. La littérature traitant du diabète chez les Autochtones s'est révélée une riche source d'information. Toutefois, l'analyse des méthodologies holistiques indique une insuffisance pour ce qui est de la recherche sur le sujet et une utilisation limitée des principes directeurs holistiques clés quant à la recherche prévisionnelle politique sur les Autochtones.

Keywords: ABORIGINAL DIABETES; ABORIGINAL POLICY RESEARCH; COMMUNITY-BASED DIABETES RESEARCH; CULTURALLY COMPETENT CARE; HOLISTIC FRAMEWORK GUIDELINES; HOLISTIC METHODOLOGIES; LITERATURE REVIEW

Document Type: Research Article

Publication date: December 1, 2008

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