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Open Access Taking a Life Course Perspective on Cardiovascular Disease and Diabetes in First Nations Peoples Considérer les maladies cardiovasculaires et le diabète chez les membres des Premières nations selon une perspective de cycle de vie

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The burden of cardiovascular disease and diabetes and associated risk factors, such as obesity, smoking, impaired glucose tolerance, hypertension, and dietary factors, present a mix of factors that are detrimental to the immediate and longterm health of First Nations peoples in Canada. The authors use a life course perspective to examine the long-term effects of risk factors that are prevalent during gestation, childhood, adolescence, young adulthood, and adult life on developmental health and later disease risk. The resultant broader perspective may generate innovative approaches to addressing chronic disease in Canada's Aboriginal population.

French
Le poids des maladies cardiovasculaires et du diabète, ainsi que les facteurs de risques associés tels l'obésité, le tabagisme, l'intolérance au glucose, l'hypertension et les facteurs alimentaires, présentent une combinaison de facteurs préjudiciables pour la santé des membres des Premières nations du Canada, dans l'immédiat et à long terme. Les auteurs adoptent une perspective de cycle de vie, pour examiner les effets à long terme sur la santé développementale et le risque de maladie ultérieur, des facteurs de risques qui sont prévalents durant la gestation, l'enfance, l'adolescence, la vie de jeune adulte et la vie adulte. Il en résulte une perspective élargie pouvant engendrer des approches novatrices pour aborder la maladie chronique chez la population autochtone du Canada.

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Keywords: ABORIGINAL HEALTH; CARDIOVASCULAR; CHRONIC DISEASE; DIABETES; LIFE COURSE

Document Type: Research Article

Publication date: 2008-09-01

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